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Hockey Canada Hockey USA. The hockey stick and hockey skates are the essentials of the game. Make sure the hockey stick is the correct height.
With the stick held vertical and the tip of the blade touching the floor, the butt-end should come up to about eye level of a player standing in bare feet, and up to the chin of a player in skates.
Ice hockey requires a safety-certified helmet. The helmet is one item that should probably be purchased new. A properly fitting helmet, certified by safety testing and fitted prior to purchase, could save your life.
Minor hockey programs also require a face mask attached to the helmet. If you're an adult beginner, the mask might not be required.
But it's a very smart idea to wear one. The puck must completely cross the goal line for the goal to count. It can deflect off of any rink surface, or any part of any player on the ice, including feet, prior to entering the net, and still count as a goal, with a few exceptions: If the puck is deliberately kicked in, or batted in with a hand, the goal will be disallowed.
Also, the puck can't be struck with a stick above the 4-foot crossbar of the net. There are two linesmen on the ice during a game.
It's their job to call off-side and icing see below. Two referees also man every NHL game. They can be differentiated from the linesmen by their bright orange armbands.
When a player moves into the opposing team's zone, the puck must cross the blue line before his skates do. If any attacking player has both skates across the blue line before the puck, off-side is called.
This results in a face-off. At the start of each period, and after stoppages in play due to goals, penalties or the puck leaving the rink, play is initiated with a face-off.
The centers from each team face each other over a face-off location designated by the official, and the other skaters line up at least 15 feet 4.
The official drops the puck directly between the opposing centers, who then vie for control using their sticks and feet. These 10 basic ice hockey rules simplified for beginners is the ideal start for all newcomers.
This is only a simple snapshot of the basic fundamentals. But, it is an ideal place to start if you want to learn how to play ice hockey in 5 to 10 minutes of reading.
BASIC ICE HOCKEY RULES : We start off with the top ten professional playing regulations and match tactics.
They have been simplified from the official ice hockey rules UK version. Ice hockey is a pacey indoor sport played on an ice rink.
Understanding these 10 ice hockey rules is the essential start for all newcomers. The guide lists 10 regulations in a simple cheat sheet format for dummies.
Your game will improve and the fast-paced icy rink sport will start to make sense. The objective in a game of ice hockey is to score more goals than your opponent.
That simple aim is similar to that in field hockey games. Also, when a team with a penalized player in the box serving his minor penalty gets scored on, the penalty ends and the player comes out.
Not so with a major penalty. Regardless of how many goals are scored against the penalized player's team, he stays the box in until his time is up.
Very similar to the minor version above, a player who hits a defenseless player from behind into the boards has committed boarding.
If the referee determines that the hit was too much and excessive, he can upgrade the call to a major penalty. I have seen some pretty malicious boarding calls, and like in the case of high sticking the player was charged with a double major.
This would best be described as two 5 minute major calls stacked, making it a minute penalty. That player also receives game misconduct.
I will explain that below. Again, like its 2-minute minor variety, roughing can have a dark side too.
If a player gets out of control and starts hitting others high, such as around the head with the intent to injure that player, they will likely see a 5 minute major for roughing.
Players, hopefully, are aware of others around them and don't get hit unaware. A solidly placed check on a player not looking up is not considered too rough in most cases.
The referee will decide if a player is out of line and is just playing too rough for the safety of the other team.
Players push each other and look like they are fighting all game. They tackle and rub their gloves in each others' faces all day, and this is usually not called.
Emotions run hot in hockey. Fighting is called only when gloves are removed or dropped. Once a player has dropped his gloves with the intent to fight, he will get a 5 minute major for fighting.
The instigator may get an extra 2 minute minor for trying to pick the fight. Most often, when there are offsetting major penalties in other words, two players tussle, they both go off Fighting is the most common major penalty in the NHL.
This is technically not a major penalty, but it only gets called with major penalties these days. This just means the player is ejected from playing the remainder of the game.
If he has penalty time to serve, a player on his team will sit in the box for him, since he has been removed from the game. In the NHL, if a player gets three-game misconducts in a season, he will be banned from playing in one game, and other actions can possibly result fines, suspensions, etc.
Fast breaks are common in many sports and can best be described as the opportunity for an offensive player to rapidly approach the goal of an opponent where the closest defenders are behind him.
In hockey, if a player is tripped, held, or hooked from behind, and it is determined by the referee that the offensive player would have made it to the net to attempt a shot, he may waive the 2-minute penalty time and award the offensive player with a penalty shot.
The rules of a penalty shot are that the puck is placed at center ice and the offensive player has a given amount of time to move the puck into the offensive zone and shoot the puck.
The player is not allowed to shoot the rebound if it is available. Once the shot is taken, the game resumes and the game clock starts again at the next face-off.
Penalty shots are one of the more exciting and anxious moments of a game. Players try to score by attempting to fake out a goaltender by spinning or moving the puck erratically with his stick known as a deke.
Just like in baseball's home run derby, fans pay to watch the shoot out competition during the NHL's All-Star competitions. Basically, fans watch for about an hour or so as the NHL's best players try to score on the best goaltenders in shootout fashion.
Answer: I am not exactly sure what rules differ between the different leagues. I am aware of more than five semi-pro leagues in North America alone AHL, CHL, OHL, ACHL, ECHL.
When you say, "WHL" I am assuming you are refereing to the Western Hockey League and not the WNHL: National Womens Hockey League.
Each league has a main core set of rules that are shared across all of hockey. Rules like Icing, High Stick, Hooking, The wording in each league's handbook may be slightly different, but they are essentially the same.
The biggest differences from league to league will be on faceoff locations based on certain types of stoppages. NHL changed a rule about eight years ago that if a shot coming off an offensive player's stick goes out of play after hitting the frame of the goal, AND no other defensive player including the goalie has deflected the shot in any way, the faceoff is to remain in that same zone.
USA Hockey along with other leagues' rulebooks indicate that the faceoff will be at the nearest faceoff location in the neutral zone. Other major rule differences will include automatic icing versus hybrid icing that we see in the NHL today.
International play, as well as USA Hockey, have rules where icing will be called automatically as soon as the puck passes the goal line.
In the NHL, the line's man will wait until a defensive player show advantage to get control of the puck before icing is called.
This means that a player from the team that just iced the puck has a chance to negate the icing call if they can get to the puck first, even after it is behind the goal line.
Another thing to note is the playing surface size may be different between leagues. International ice is a little different then NHL. Most if not all North American rink dimensions are the same, but I don't know all the rinks and leagues.
There are many different examples of differences between league rulebooks. I just illustrated three.
As for WHL, I am not sure what their rulebook includes. I am not in the habit of watching nor am I certified as a referee for WHL. Question: In NHL hockey, if the starting goalie is replaced by a back-up can the starter return to the game?
Answer: Yes. Hockey does not limit a player from returning to the game once a coach has chosen to replace that player.
Often when a goalie is not performing well, or if the team is not playing well around the goalie, the goalie will be replaced. I have seen a coach put a "pulled" goalie back in after the replacement was injured.
I have also seen a game where the goalie switch did not help, and after 3 or 4 more goals, the coach decided to put the first goalie back in since the game would be a loss anyway.
Question: In hockey, can a player touch the puck if it is flying in his direction and he doesn't intentionally try to catch it? Answer: The fastest answer is "yes.
Players are not allowed to close their hands around the puck. Players frequently will pull the puck out of the air and have it drop to their feet so they can play it with their stick.
If a player closes their hand around the puck, or takes too long to drop the puck to the ice, the referee can call a delay of game - holding the puck.
Answer: NHL guidelines state that a team must have a bench with 20 to 23 players. The minimum team size includes 18 skaters and 2 goalies as a minimum.
The most players dressed for a given game is Answer: If I am understanding your question correctly, you are asking about line changes and the number of players in the game.
Teams can not put extra players into the game, but if a player comes to the bench for a line change, and their replacement does not jump on to the ice right away, there is no penalty.
This happens from time to time, and there are a few different reasons why a player does not jump on right away. The only downside to this happening is that the other team will have the advantage of more players during this time.
Teams should try to have all their players out and playing. But no, there is no penalty for not having enough players out on the ice.
Question: Would it be a penalty if you throw a broken stick at the player with the puck? Answer: Yes but this action is not called "dribbling.
In hockey, this action is referred to as "stick handling" or "handling" the puck. Answer: Most ice hockey league games have three periods.
I have heard of exceptions for charity events and what not. But in the NHL, Minor Leagues, College, Youth, and Adult leagues, there are 3 periods with intermissions between each period.
In the NHL, each period is 20 minutes long. Each league handles tie games based on their own set of rules. The NHL allows for a single, five minute overtime period during the regular season which will be followed by a shootout if necessary.
During the NHL playoffs, there will be as many 20 minute overtime periods as needed until one team scores. Question: Would a player be penalized for hitting people with their stick in NHL hockey?
Answer: Yes, this penalty is called slashing. However, with several other rules in hockey, the severity of the offense is taken into account.
If a player taps or very lightly hits the leg pads of another player in an attempt to distract the other player, officials most often will ignore the offense.
Slashing calls are generally only made when a player hits another player in a way that has an increased chance of causing an injury, or if it is done in anger.
All rules in sports are made to keep the game safe and fair. Hitting with a stick, when done unsafely, can cause long term injury.
Answer: No, the goalie can play the puck behind the net in the trapezoid region. The corners are restricted areas where only players can play the puck.
If a goalie plays the puck in these corner areas, they would be penalized with a minor penalty for delay of game.
Answer: Penalty shots are pretty rare in general. A penalty shot can be awarded by a referee if they feel that a clear breakaway with no defensemen between the attacking player and the goal is illegally disrupted by the defense by means of a trip, slash, or any other illegal and penalizable action.
Instead of putting the offending player in the penalty box for their infraction, a penalty shot is awarded. Question: Regarding hockey, what is checking?
Are there certain times checking is illegal? Answer: Checking is the act of taking an opposing player away from the puck by means of body contact.
A check is legal as long as the player being checked has the puck or is close enough to immediately play the puck.
It is illegal to hit or check a player that does not have the puck or is not close enough to play the puck. Checking is only allowed on the trunk of the body such as the torso, chest, or shoulder.
Checking below the waist or above the shoulders is illegal. Common penalties for these illegal hits include kneeing, head contact, and roughing.
Some of these are automatic major penalties and could result in fines and suspensions. In recent years, checking from behind has also been redefined.
It has been decided that blind side checks that could injure players are not beneficial to the future of the sport. Although some referees do not call all checks from behind, they do make an effort to penalize players who check from behind in a reckless manner.
In the NHL as well as other hockey leagues, checking is tough to call consistently as every situation is different. One legal hit may be called illegal by a different referee, in a different game.
Some hits that are ruled as a clean and legal check can still cause injury. The sport is rough and players are taught to always know who is around them at all times.
If a player is close enough to the puck, they need to be aware of possible situations where they can be hit.
Question: Is there a penalty given in the NHL for players running into an official? Answer: To answer this question, we need to understand the intent or perceived intent of the player involved.
Rules in all sports are to keep each game fair and safe. If ever a player initiates contact intentionally to intimidate or harm an official, they will be ejected from the game.
In most hockey leagues, this ejection is also followed by suspension from future games. League commissioners assess the severity of the offense and determine how long the suspension will last.
In the NHL, there are also fines given to players that are aggressive towards on-ice officials. If contact with an official is accidental, there is no action taken against the team or player involved.
If there is an injury to an official, play is stopped and medical attention is given where needed. Contact with a referee happens in most games as players are always trying to find open ice to move and play.
To keep play in front of them, officials are always moving. Players are constantly keeping track of open ice, puck location, and their offensive or defensive positioning.
Officials movements are often forgotten or not noticed by players as the puck moves around the boards. Officials are allowed to verbally remind players where they are on the ice.
This helps players try to move the puck or direct play away from the referees. Strategically, players often try to use linesmen and referees as barriers to lose defenders chasing them.
This is still not going to cause disciplinary action against players. Officials are trained to place themselves in areas of the ice that will keep them out of the flow of the game more effectively.
Answer: NHL games are three 20 minute periods with two intermissions. Each NHL game will have media coverage and therefore media stoppages will occur.
A typical game will take just under 3 hours from start to finish. Games that run longer include at least one of the following: overtime, injuries, broken glass, problems with the ice, or other public safety issues that delay the game.
During the regular season, if there is a tie after the three periods are over, there is a 5 minute overtime period, followed by a shootout.
If a regular season game goes to a shootout, the total time for the game could be about 3 hours 30 minutes. Playoff games that end in a tie will keep playing 20 minute overtime periods until one team scores.
This will end the game immediately. There will be no media timeouts during playoff overtime periods. Question: A clearing pass in Hockey is most likely to be used by what type of player and why?
Answer: Clearing a defensive zone is often done by anyone in the zone to a player outside the zone.
This is typically done by the defense to a forward out in the neutral zone. There are times, however, where a defensive player is out of position and would be the target of a clearing pass.
Answer: Most rules in all ice hockey leagues will be the same. There will be a few differences based on the bylaws and goals of each league.
In the NHL, icing can be waived off if it seems clear that the offending team would recover the puck before the defensive team. Most leagues I have played in, or officiated in have "automatic icing" which does not allow the offending team any allowance to prevent the icing.
Also, offsides in the NHL is delayed until a player who is offsides directly influences play or touches the puck before the offsides have been cleared by the linesmen.
In other leagues, there is no delay to offsides. Once a play is considered offsides, play ends until the puck is dropped to resume play.
Karl, You know what is funny, the commentators during the Conference Finals game the other day speculated on that exact scenario. It is a good question.
Teams always have been allowed to put their goalie back in after an icing. Rule However, a team shall be permitted to make a player substitution to replace a goalkeeper who had been substituted for an extra attacker, to replace an injured player, or when a penalty has been assessed which affects the on-ice strength of either team.
So, it is actually a requirement that goalies are allowed to come back in the game. But I had to look it up myself.
I mean, everyone always does it. It has been that way since the introduction of icings preventing line changes.
But there you go, the current NHL Rules do allow just a few line change allowances after an icing. Please forgive broken links as the rule book moves, but I can't edit comments after a certain amount of time.
Question: Why can a team who's pulled their goalie for an extra attacker during the last couple of minutes be allowed to put their goalie back in net after being called for an icing?
They aren't supposed to be able to change any players. Khris - Teams are allowed 6 skaters on the ice at a time as long as they are not fighting off a penalty, or not in over time during the regular season.
These 6 players can either be 5 skaters and a goalie, or 6 skaters. Every team relies heavily on the skills of their goalie.
It is only towards the end of the game when a team wants to gamble to try to tie a game. If a team is losing and they want to try to get a little more offense on the ice, they can pull their goalie and put a forward on the ice.
There is one other time that a team will pull the goalie during the game If a team has committed a penalty, play will continue until that offending team gets control of the puck.
Since getting control of the puck would stop play, the offending team can not shoot towards the goal. So, since there is no threat to getting scored on, the team that is still allowed to play the puck can pull their goalie and put an extra skater on the ice.
As play continues until the offending team touches the puck, the other team will typically play with 6 players and no goalie. How ever, this does not mean that the offending team can not get a goal at this time.
If a wing passing back to an inattentive defenseman accidentally scores on them selves while their goalie is out of the net, that goal will count even if the team getting the point was about to go into the penalty box.
Does that answer your question? I really hope it helps. Feel free to ask questions. I have been playing Ice and Roller Hockey for over 20 years and I have been a referee USA Hockey Certified for a little while now.
Tripping is indeed in the list. It is right between High Sticking and Boarding under the Minor Penalty header.
Laz, I am assuming that you mean standings point system and not goal scoring. I am going to explain standing points if that is ok.
NHL standings based on points earned by wins, ties, and losses. The winning team gets 2 points in the standings. The team that losses gets 0 points.
However, it the loss comes only after the end of regulations, such as overtime or a shoot-out, then the team that lost would get 1 point in the standings.
A team's record is listed by Wins - Regulation Losses - Overtime Losses in this order. So if I look at the standings and see a team's record , I would know that this team has 15 wins, 3 losses where no overtime was needed, and 8 losses after the end of the 3rd period.
Now comes the fun part. If I am looking at the standings and I see more then one team with 38 points in the standings, how do I know which team should be ranked higher?
There are a series of tie brakes rules to sort teams in the correct order. Every so often, the NHL publishes new rules.
There are occasionally changes to how teams break ties in the standings. The greater number of games won, excluding games won in the Shootout.
This figure is reflected in the ROW column. The greater number of points earned in games between the tied clubs. If two clubs are tied, and have not played an equal number of home games against each other, points earned in the first game played in the city that had the extra game shall not be included.
If more than two clubs are tied, the higher percentage of available points earned in games among those clubs, and not including any "odd" games, shall be used to determine the standing.
The greater differential between goals for and against for the entire regular season. NOTE: In standings a victory in a shootout counts as one goal for, while a shootout loss counts as one goal against.
I would like to note that for Adult leagues and other non-NHL leagues have different standings points procedures.
Such as 3 points for wins, 1 point for ties, and 0 points for regulation losses. Did this answer your question? Play will not continue until both teams are ready.
There are a few "delays" which have been employed by coaches in the past. But, if a delay is seen as a stall tactic to just allow tired players to catch their breath, the referee may award the delaying player a 2 minute minor for "delay of game.
Some things I have seen include a weak or fragile stick, goalie pads loosening or buckles need to be refastened. I have even seen a play request that a visor be replaced that has been cracked or need drying with a towel.
I even saw one that got called, and I still disagree with the official who awarded a delay of game for this next example.
A player lined up to take the face-off. Tapping the ice with his stick, he felt that the stick was not strong. The referee insisted that there be no further delay.
So the player tried proving that his stick needed to be replaced by breaking off the head of his stick in his bare hands.
This really is not easy to do with an undamaged stick. Not impressed, the referee gave him 2 minutes in the penalty box for delaying the face-off longer.
I imagine more was said before the penalty, which drove the referee to an emotional choice to penalize the player. So in short, players are usually given time to replace gear during the stoppage.
But they are not supposed to enter the bench to rest while waiting for the face-off to line up. Player loses his hockey stick and an icing is called is he allowed to go to the bench to get another stick.
You should also try playing it :. It is so much more fun to be on the ice playing then watching. And I really do love watching. I am not exactly sure I understand the scenario.
So, let me rephrase using Player A, and Player B. So, you want to know that if Player A has the puck, and Player B strips the puck away from Player A, is it tripping if:.
If I missed a case that you wish to have answered, please reply. In cases 1 and 2, I don't think a referee would call a penalty for tripping since there was a play made on the puck.
If anything, I could imagine a referee calling some sort of interference or holding penalty, but Player A being the player who just lost the puck would likely receive no penalties.
Having said that, if in case 3, Player A had the puck, and not only did Player B knock away the puck, but also caused Player A to lose his stick because Player B held it and pulled it from Player A, and then dropped it, causing Player A to trip, In summary, I would be surprised to see a tripping call in any scenario.
I could see other penalties called in general. But there are many plays that are pretty close, and players drop sticks all the time, even if they are forced to by means of slashing, holding, and other means.
Most of the time, as spectators, we see what we believe should have been a penalty, where referees seem to miss, or just plain ignore.
And this brings me to a statement I have said in several other posts; a referee is human and will miss calls, or just want to let players play.
If it would effect the game adversely, then hopefully, they will make the right call. If a player hits the ball away from the other player and then he pulls his stick away from the player and the player trips on his stick after is it a penalty?
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Good job, cheers decfcffcefgk. The shots on goal stat is based around a defensive minded hockey team.
The SOG stat is intended for goalies,and to determine a goalies performance.
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