Übersetzung im Kontext von „elk“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Here one could imagine meeting an elk. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für elk im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. elk - Wörterbuch Englisch-Deutsch. Stichwörter und Wendungen sowie Übersetzungen.
Englisch-Deutsch Übersetzung für "elk"elk - Wörterbuch Englisch-Deutsch. Stichwörter und Wendungen sowie Übersetzungen. Samia Little Elk (* ), deutsche Synchronsprecherin; Ger van Elk (–), niederländischer Konzeptkünstler, Maler und Bildhauer. Orte in den USA. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für elk im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion.
Elk Deutsch Ejemplos monolingües (no verificados por la redacción de PONS) VideoSetup Elasticsearch, Logstash and Kibana (ELK Stack) using Docker Containers - Step by Step Tutorial
DE Deutsche Welle. Estudiantes alemanes en los EEUU como embajadores de Alemania y de la lengua alemana. Deutsche Welle. Deutsche Welle Kunst und Krise in BerlinAuftakt der IV Deutsch-Spanischen Kulturbegegnung in der Akademie der Künste.
German In den Unterabschnitten jedoch können viele Inhalte auf Deutsch abgerufen werden. All elk have small and clearly defined rump patches with short tails.
They have different coloration based on the seasons and types of habitats, with gray or lighter coloration prevalent in the winter and a more reddish, darker coat in the summer.
Subspecies living in arid climates tend to have lighter colored coats than do those living in forests. Forest-adapted Manchurian and Alashan wapitis have red or reddish-brown coats with less contrast between the body coat and the rest of the body during the summer months.
Calves are born spotted, as is common with many deer species, and they lose their spots by the end of summer. Adult Manchurian wapiti may retain a few orange spots on the back of their summer coats until they are older.
This characteristic has also been observed in the forest-adapted European red deer. Elk are among the most gregarious deer species.
Female herds are larger while bull form small groups and may even travel alone. Young bulls may associate with older bulls or with female groups.
Male and female herds come together during the mating season, which may begin in late August. Dominant bulls follow groups of cows during the rut, from August into early winter.
A bull will defend his harem of 20 cows or more from competing bulls and predators. When a female wanders too far away from the range of the harem, the male will rush ahead of her, block her path and aggressively rushes her back to the harem.
Herding behavior is accompanied a stretched out and lowered neck and the antlers layed back. A bull may get violent and hit the cow with his antlers.
During courtship, the bull is more peaceful and approaches her with his head and antlers raised. The male signals his intention to test the female for sexual receptivity by flicking his tongue.
If not ready, a cow will lower her head and weave from side to side while opening and closing her mouth. The bull will stop in response in order to not scare her.
Younger, less dominant bulls, known as "spike bulls" due to their antlers not yet being forked, will harass unguarded cows.
These bulls are impatient and will not reform any courtship rituals and will continue to pursue a female even when she signals him to stop.
As such, they are less reproductively successful and a cow may stay close to the big bull to avoid harassment.
Dominant bulls are intolerant of spike bulls and will chase them away from their harems. Bulls have a loud, high-pitched, whistle-like vocalization known as bugling , which advertise the male's fitness over great distances.
Unusual for a vocalization produced by a large animal, buglings can reach a frequency of Hz. This is achieved by blowing air from the glottis through the nasal cavities.
Elk can produce deeper pitched Hz sounds using the larynx. Female elk have a short estrus cycle of only a day or two, and matings usually involve a dozen or more attempts.
When the females are near to giving birth, they tend to isolate themselves from the main herd, and will remain isolated until the calf is large enough to escape predators.
After two weeks, calves are able to join the herd, and are fully weaned at two months of age. Males disperse more often than females, as adult cows are more tolerant of female offspring from previous years.
In some subspecies that suffer less predation, they may live an average of 15 years in the wild. As is true for many species of deer, especially those in mountainous regions, elk migrate into areas of higher altitude in the spring, following the retreating snows, and the opposite direction in the fall.
Hunting pressure also impacts migration and movements. Elk do not appear to benefit from thermal cover. Elk in the southern regions of Yellowstone National Park and in the surrounding National Forests migrate south towards the town of Jackson, Wyoming , where they winter for up to six months on the National Elk Refuge.
Conservationists there ensure the herd is well fed during the harsh winters. Elk are ruminants and therefore have four-chambered stomachs.
Unlike white-tailed deer and moose, which are primarily browsers, elk are similar to cattle in that they are primarily grazers.
But like other deer, they also browse. Their diets vary somewhat depending on the season, with native grasses being a year-round supplement, tree bark being consumed in winter and forbs and tree sprouts during the summer.
Elk consume an average of 9. Predators of elk include wolves , coyotes , brown and black bears, cougars , and Siberian tigers. Elk may also avoid predation by switching from grazing to browsing, the former of which puts itself in a compromising situation of being in such an open area with its head down, leaving it unable to see what is going on in the surrounding area.
Large bull elk are less vulnerable and thus can afford to wander alone, while cows stay in larger groups for protection for their calves.
At least 53 species of protist and animal parasites have been identified in elk. Parelaphostrongylus tenuis brainworm or meningeal worm is a parasitic nematode known to affect the spinal cord and brain tissue of elk and other species, leading to death.
Snails and slugs, the intermediate hosts, can be inadvertently consumed by elk during grazing. Chronic wasting disease , transmitted by a misfolded protein known as a prion , affects the brain tissue in elk, and has been detected throughout their range in North America.
First documented in the late s in mule deer, the disease has affected elk on game farms and in the wild in a number of regions. Elk that have contracted the disease begin to show weight loss, changes in behavior, increased watering needs, excessive salivation and urinating and difficulty swallowing, and at an advanced stage, the disease leads to death.
No risks to humans have been documented, nor has the disease been demonstrated to pose a threat to domesticated cattle.
The Gram-negative bacterial disease brucellosis occasionally affects elk in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, the only place in the U.
In domesticated cattle, brucellosis causes infertility, abortions, and reduced milk production. It is transmitted to humans as undulant fever , producing influenza -like symptoms that may last for years.
Though bison are more likely to transmit the disease to other animals, elk inadvertently transmitted brucellosis to horses in Wyoming and cattle in Idaho.
Researchers are attempting to eradicate the disease through vaccinations and herd-management measures, which are expected to be successful.
A recent necropsy study of captive elk in Pennsylvania attributed the cause of death in 33 of 65 cases to either gastrointestinal parasites 21 cases, primarily Eimeria sp.
Elk hoof disease was first noticed in the state of Washington in the late s in the Cowlitz River basin, with sporadic reports of deformed hooves.
Since then, the disease has spread rapidly with increased sightings throughout southwest Washington and into Oregon. The disease is characterised by deformed, broken, or missing hooves and leads to severe lameness in elk.
The primary cause is not known, but it is associated with treponeme bacteria, which are known to cause digital dermatitis in commercial livestock.
The mode of transmission is also not known, but it appears to be highly contagious among elk. Studies are being undertaken by government departments to determine how to halt or eliminate the disease.
Modern subspecies are descended from elk that once inhabited Beringia , a steppe region between Asia and North America that connected the two continents during the Pleistocene.
Beringia provided a migratory route for numerous mammal species, including brown bear , camel , horse , caribou , and moose, as well as humans.
In North America they adapted to almost all ecosystems except for tundra , true deserts, and the gulf coast of the U. The elk of southern Siberia and central Asia were once more widespread but today are restricted to the mountain ranges west of Lake Baikal including the Sayan and Altai Mountains of Mongolia and the Tianshan region that borders Kyrgyzstan , Kazakhstan , and China's Xinjiang Province.
During the Late Pleistocene their range was much more extensive, being distributed across Eurasia, with remains being found as far west as France.
These populations are most closely related to modern Asian populations of the elk. Their range collapsed at the start of the Holocene, due to them being specialized to cold periglacial tundrasteppe habitat, which was largely replaced with closed forest, being outcompeted by red deer in these conditions.
Relictual populations survived into the early Holocene in southern Sweden and the Alps, where the environment remained favorable.
The Rocky Mountain elk subspecies has been reintroduced by hunter-conservation organizations in the Appalachian region of the eastern U.
Outside their native habitat, elk and other deer species, especially white-tailed deer , were introduced in areas that previously had few, if any, large native ungulates.
Brought to these countries for hunting and ranching for meat, hides and antler velvet, they have proven highly adaptable and have often had an adverse impact on local ecosystems.
Elk and red deer were introduced to Argentina in the early 20th century. The introduction of deer to New Zealand began in the middle of the 19th century, and current populations are primarily European red deer, with only 15 percent being elk.
These deer have had an adverse impact on forest regeneration of some plant species, as they consume more palatable species which are replaced with those that are less favored by the elk.
The long-term impact will be an alteration of the types of plants and trees found, and in other animal and plant species dependent upon them.
Elk have played an important role in the cultural history of a number of peoples. Neolithic petroglyphs from Asia depict antler-less female elk, which have been interpreted as symbolizing life and sustenance.
They were also frequently overlaid with boats and associated with rivers, suggesting that they also represented paths to the underworld. Ein Haus — ein Traum, der mit ELK BAU Realität werden kann.
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One of these major costs of anti-predatory behavior of elk is a compromised diet that results in poor health. Utiliza nuestro traductor de textos.
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Cerrar Enviar un mensaje. When studying signaling pathways, mutations can further highlight the importance of each component used to activate the downstream target.
For instance, disruption of the C-terminal domain of Elk1 that MAPK phosphorylates triggers inhibition of c-fos activation.
Formation of long-term memory may be dependent on Elk1. MEK inhibitors block Elk1 phosphorylation and, thus, impair acquired conditioned taste aversion.
Moreover, avoidance learning , which involves the subject learning that a particular response leads to prevention of an aversive stimulus, is correlated with a definite increase in activation of Erk, Elk1, and c-fos in the hippocampus.
This area of the brain is involved in short-term and long-term information storage. When Elk1 or SRF binding to DNA is blocked in the rat hippocampus, only sequestration of SRF interferes with long-term spatial memory.
While the interaction of Elk1 with DNA may not be essential for memory formation, its specific role still needs to be explored.
This is because activation of Elk1 can trigger other molecular events that do not require Elk1 to bind DNA. For example, Elk1 is involved in the phosphorylation of histones , increased interaction with SRF, and recruitment of the basal transcriptional machinery, all of which do not require direct binding of Elk1 to DNA.
Elk1 activation plays a central role in drug addiction. After mice are given cocaine , a strong and momentary hyperphosphorylation of Erk and Elk1 is observed in the striatum.
When these mice are then given MEK inhibitors , Elk1 phosphorylation is absent. Without active Elk1, c-fos production and cocaine-induced conditioned place preference are shown to be blocked.
Moreover, acute ethanol ingestion leads to excessive phosphorylation of Elk1 in the amygdala. Silencing of Elk1 activity has also been found to decrease cellular responses to withdrawal signals and lingering treatment of opioids , one of the world's oldest known drugs.
Altogether, these results highlight that Elk1 is an important component of drug addiction.